The opposition is mostly based on Islamic religious grounds.
According to a petition circulated by a university lecturer, Maimon Herawati, on (which has garnered almost 150,000 signatures), the sexual violence bill negates the violation of Indonesia’s social norms and encourages, for example, premarital (albeit consensual) sex and prostitution.
“A larger share of women say they’re attracted to both women and men,” study author Elizabeth Aura Mc Clintock, an assistant professor of sociology at the University of Notre Dame, tells Yahoo Health.
“If you’re attracted to both sexes, context and opportunity may have more influence on which sex you partner with.”Related: When Opposites (Seem to) Attract: How Does Science Explain Sexual Chemistry?
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Indonesia's landmark sexual violence bill, which advocates say would be the first legal basis for cases of sexual abuse in the country, is facing opposition from conservative groups, putting its passage in doubt.
“Those labels are kind of silly, but we have them and use them — we’re just not always sure why.”Read This Next: 29% of Young Americans Are Some Degree of Bisexual" data-reactid="36"Let’s keep in touch!
In a statement obtained by VOA, Ledia Hanifa Amaliah, an Indonesian politician from the PKS, said that the party does not fully object to the bill, but that some wording needs to be changed and it should be more in line with Islamic views.“The PKS faction is of the opinion that religiosity should be one of the perspectives needed to prevent sexual crimes,” she wrote.
Ratna Batara Munti, a lawyer and a coordinator of a civil group that is pushing for the bill, accused opponents of spreading hoaxes as soon as the bill gained traction in recent months.“This is a deliberate duping,” she said, referring to the allegations that the law would encourage premarital sex, homosexual sex or prostitution.
She said the misinformation could be detrimental to the bill’s prospects for passage.
Sexual violence bill The sexual violence bill is considered to be a legal breakthrough for Indonesian women over the current law in Indonesia’s criminal code.
Mc Clintock says she was surprised by the higher-education finding because being more highly educated “puts you in a more accepting environment.” (She discovered that men with a higher level of education were less likely to identify as “100 percent heterosexual,” as she expected.)But she points out that women who continue their education and those who are more attractive typically have more opportunities to date men, and for those who are attracted to both men and women, this could influence how they label their sexuality.